Almond Biscuits from Siena / Ricciarelli

Almond Biscuits from Siena / Ricciarelli

  • Servings: 16 Biscuits
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“Ricciarelli are sold everywhere in Italy during the Christmas period. It wouldn’t be Christmas in Italy without Ricciarelli biscuits. But though Ricciarelli end up on tables all over Italy, they are very much a Tuscan delicacy.” Valentina Harris

Credit: Adapted from the books “Flavours of Tuscany” by Maxine Clark and “The Italian Regional Cookbook” by Valentina Harris.


  • 175 g whole blanched almonds, ground, or 175 g ground almonds
  • 200 g caster sugar, plus extra for rolling
  • Half teaspoon baking powder
  • 1 tablespoon plain flour
  • 2 large egg whites
  • 2-3 drops almond essence
  • 2-3 drops vanilla essence
  • Icing sugar, to serve


  1. Put the almonds in a large owl with the sugar. Sift the baking powder with the flour into the almonds and sugar. With clean hands mix together thoroughly.
  2. In an absolutely clean glass or metal bowl (free from any grease or dust) whisk the egg whites until stiff but not dry. Alternatively whisk the egg whites with an electric hand-held whisker. You can achieve good results in half the time it takes by hand. You should be able to turn the egg white upside down in a spoon without the mixture dropping. Then stir into the almond mixture. Add the almond and vanilla essence and blend until you have a soft malleable paste.
  3. Pour some caster sugar onto a plate, enough to cover the plate in one layer. With clean hands roll heaped tablespoons of the mixture into small balls, roll in the sugar, and then press into the traditional oval or diamond shape by rolling into a fat sausage, tapering the ends, then flattening slightly with the palm of your hand.
  4. Put the ricciarelli on a baking sheet lined with baking parchment, set well apart. If 1 tray is not enough, bake in 2 batches, keeping the remaining dough in the fridge while the first batch bakes. Bake in a preheated oven on the middle shelf at 200°C (400°F) Gas 6 for 10-12 minutes until lightly golden. Do not overbake or they will be too hard.
  5. Remove to a wire rack to cool. Sift icing sugar over the biscuit tops and serve piled high on a plate.
  6. Store in an airtight container or metal tin for up to 2 weeks.
Produced by John Fletcher @

“These delicate biscuits, with their soft almond centres, are said to resemble the almond-shaped eyes of the Madonna in Renaissance paintings. They are associated with the Feast of the Annunciation (March 25th) and, consequently, with fertility. They are also sometimes known as ‘nun’s thighs’! Use whole blanched almonds, if you can, as they are fresher this way.” Maxine Clark

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